Updated 20 November 2007
This missile required eight minutes to be prepared for engine start and could be launched at 8 second intervals from depths of 130 to 165 feet (40 to 50 m). There was also a possibility of two 8 missile launches.
A design effort to fit this missile with MIRV warheads began in 1970. The modified missile was designated R-27K and one Golf I class submarine was converted into the Pr. 605 (Golf IV) with 4 missiles. Trials lasted for seven years due to difficulties with the MIRV warheads. The submarine was accepted into service, but no other boats were converted due to the entry of the Pr. 667A SSBNs into service.
This design was refined into the first successful Soviet subarine-launched ballistic missile with MIRV warhead. This was designated as R-27U (also known as RSM-25), which was designed in 1971-72 and tested in 1972-74. This new missile could cary either three individual warheads or a single heavier warhead. Complex D-5U with R-27U missiles was accepted into service in January 1974. This missile could be launched from depths of 140 to 160 feet (42 to 48 m) at speeds of up to 4 knots. In the period between 1974 and 1990 161 missiles were launched with a 93% success rate.
|Designation||R-27, R-27K and R-27U|
|Ship Class Used On||R-27
|Date In Service||R-27: 1968
|Weight||All versions: 31,306 lbs. (14,200 kg)|
|Dimensions||All versions: 358 x 59 in (910 x 150 cm)|
Total payload weight 1,433 lbs. (650 kg)
|Range||R-27 and R-27U with single warhead
1,370 nm (2,500 km)
R-27U with three warheads
|Propulsion||Single-stage liquid fuel rocket
Initial thrust: 50,740 lbs. (23,000 kg)