Description

The Anti-Submarine Rocket (ASROC) was designed as a standoff ASW for surface ships. Many NATO and other Allied Nations also used this weapon during the 1960s through the 1980s. It carried either a Mark 46 torpedo or a nuclear depth bomb.

The Vertical Launched ASROC (VLA) version is an ASROC modified to be fired from the Mark 41 Vertical Launch System (VLS).

Designation
(see text)
ASROC RUR-5A
ASROC VLA RUM 139A and RUM 139B
Ship Class Used On Many
Date In Service RUR-5A: 1960
VLA: 1993 (RUM139A); 1996 (RUM139B)
Weight RUR-5A, Mod 3: 957 lbs. (434.1 kg)
RUR-5A, Mod 4: 1,073 lbs. (486.7 kg)
VLA: Warshot - 1,407 lbs. (633.15 kg) / Exercise - 1,377 lbs (619.65 kg)
Dimensions RUR-5A:
13.25 x 177.4 in (33.7 x 450.6 cm), wingspan 33 in (84 cm)
VLA:
Warshot - 192.6 x 16.6 in (485 x 42.2 cm), wingspan 26.87 in (68.3 cm)
Exercise - 200.0 x 16.6 in (504 x 42.2 cm), wingspan 26.87 in (68.3 cm)
Payload RUR-5A Mod 3: Mark 44 torpedo
RUR-5A Mod 4: Mark 46 torpedo
RUR-5A Mod 5: Mark 17 Depth Bomb (W44 Warhead)
VLA: Mark 46 or Mark 50 Torpedo
Range RUR-5A: Minimum 900 yards (800 m), Maximum 10,000 yards (9,100 m)
VLA: Minimum 1,000 yards (900 m), Maximum 15,000 yards (13,700 m)
Propulsion RUR-5A: Rocket Booster
VLA: Rocket Booster

The RUM 139A used the Mark 46 Mod 5A(S) torpedo as its payload. The RUM 139B uses the Mark 46 Mod 5A(SW) which is capable of operating in more shallow waters than its predecessor. All ASROCs were to be upgraded to the RUM 139B standard by the end of Fiscal Year 2001.

Sources

Data from:

  • "The Naval Institute Guide to World Naval Weapon Systems 1991/92" by Norman Friedman
  • US Navy Fact File

"The French Navy under Steam" picture essay in "United States Naval Institute Proceedings" Vol. 88, No. 7, July 1962

Special help from Tom Carter

Page History

06 May 2005 - Benchmark

25 February 2012 - Added photograph of Norfolk

30 March 2014 - Added to caption of Norfolk photograph