Description

Used on Austria-Hungary pre-dreadnoughts and armored cruisers of the early 1900s.

Some of these ships were ceded after World War I to Italy, where they were scrapped and the guns then used as coastal artillery and on pontoon GM269.

Nomenclature note: The lengths of these guns were identical, the differences as noted in their designations was strictly the result of the way that each nation measured barrel length. See "Definitions and Information about Naval Guns" for further information.

The data that follows is for these guns while in Austria-Hungary service unless otherwise noted.

Gun Characteristics

Designation Austria-Hungary: 19 cm/42 (7.48") Skoda
Italy: 190 mm/39 (7.48") Skoda
Ship Class Used On Austria-Hungary: Erzherzog Karl and Sankt Georg Classes
Italy: Pontoon GM269 and coastal artillery
Date Of Design 1903
Date In Service 1905
Gun Weight 12.5 tons (12.7 mt) with breech
Breech: 992 lbs. (450 kg)
Gun Length oa about 315 in (8.000 m)
Bore Length about 292 in (7.410 m)
Rifling Length 201.3 in (5.112 m)
Grooves (50) 0.118 D x 0.282 (3 mm D x 7.16 mm W)
Lands 0.134 in (3.5 mm)
Twist RH increasing 1 in 36 to 1 in 22
Chamber Volume N/A
Rate Of Fire 4 rounds per minute

Ammunition

Type Separate
Projectile Types and Weights APC: 214 lbs. (97 kg)
CPC: 198 lbs. (90 kg)
Shrapnel: 108.6 lbs. (49.25 kg)
Bursting Charge APC: 4.4 lbs. (2.0 kg)
CPC: 13.4 lbs. (6.07 kg)
Shrapnel: 2.0 lbs. (0.90 kg)
Projectile Length APC L/3,2: 23.9 in (60.8 cm)
CPC L/3,5: 26.2 in (66.5 cm)
Shrapnel L/2,8: 20.9 in (53.2 cm)
Propellant Charge 58.0 lbs. (26.3 kg) 19/480 mm M97
Cartridge: 103.6 lbs. (47 kg)
Muzzle Velocity for AP Austria-Hungary: 2,700 fps (825 mps)
Italy: 2,625 fps (800 mps)
Working Pressure N/A
Approximate Barrel Life N/A
Ammunition stowage per gun 1 120 rounds
  1. ^Outfit for Sankt Georg was 30 APC, 80 CPC and 10 shrapnel rounds per gun.

Range

Range with 214 lbs. (97 kg) APC Shell
Elevation Distance
12.85 degrees (max APC range table) 13,120 yards (12,000 m)

Armor Penetration

Penetration of Vertical Plate with 214 lbs. (97 kg) AP Shell
Range Iron Krupp Cemented
6,560 yards (6,000 m) 11.9 in (30.1 cm) ---
10,940 yards (10,000 m) 7.0 in (17.9 cm) ---
11,810 yards (10,800 m) --- 3.5 in (9 cm)
13,120 yards (12,000 m) 5.9 in (15.1 cm) ---
14,330 yards (13,000 m) --- 3.1 in (8 cm)

Data from "Naval Weapons of World War One."

Mount/Turret Data

Designation Erzherzog Karl (8) and Sankt Georg (4): Single Casemates
Erzherzog Karl (4) and Sankt Georg (1): Single Turrets
Weight N/A
Elevation - 5 / +15 degrees
Elevation Rate N/A
Train about +150 / -150 degrees
Train Rate Casemates: 7 degrees per second
Turrets: 5 degrees per second
Gun recoil 17.3 in (44 cm) maximum
Loading Angle Any

Sources

Data from:

  • "Naval Weapons of World War Two" by John Campbell
  • "Naval Weapons of World War One" by Norman Friedman

Special help by Cliff McMullen

Page History

30 September 2005
Benchmark
27 May 2012
Updated to latest template
19 October 2013
Added ammunition information