This gun was an improved AAA weapon intended to replace the 75 mm (2.95") AA guns used on older ships. Used an autofretted barrel and a semi-automatic Schneider breech mechanism.
|Designation||90 mm/50 (3.5") Model 1926|
|Ship Class Used On||Cruisers: Suffren 1, Émile Bertin
and La Galissonnière Classes
Net-layer Gladiateur and some escorts of the Élan and Chamois classes
Fitted as emergency AA on Jean Bart
|Date Of Design||1926|
|Date In Service||1931|
|Bore Length||177.2 in (4.500 m)|
|Rate Of Fire 2 3||12 - 15 rounds / minute|
|Weight of Complete Round||39.7 lbs. (18 kg)|
|Projectile Types and Weights 1a||HE: 20.96 lbs. (9.51 kg)
|Projectile Length||15.2 in (38.5 cm)|
|Propellant Charge||6.83 lbs. (3.1 kg) BM5|
|Muzzle Velocity||2,789 fps (850 mps)|
|Approximate Barrel Life||N/A|
|Ammunition stowage per gun||Suffren: 500 rounds
Émile Bertin: 250 rounds 2a
La Galissonnière: 300 rounds 3a
Actual French designations HE OEA Mle 1925 Starshell OEcl Mle 1926 Incendiary OI Mle 1927
- ^Émile Bertin had ammunition space for 1,422 rounds but the standard combat loading was 1,000 HE plus 200 illumination rounds for the center mounting.
- ^La Galissonnière carried 2,400 HE and 200 illumination rounds.
|45 degrees||16,885 yards (15,440 m)|
|AA Ceiling @ 80 degrees||34,800 feet (10,600 m)|
|Designation 1b||Single Mount
Suffren class [except Suffren and Dupleix] (8) and Émile Bertin 2b (2): Model 1926
|Elevation||-5 / +80 degrees 3b|
|Train||about +150 / -150 degrees|
- ^A note on sources: "Cruisers of World War Two" by Whitley says that Émile Bertin was given two additional twin 90 mm mountings in place of her midships torpedo tubes during her August - November 1943 refit in the USA and includes a sketch showing the new armament (page 41). This appears to be taken from "The French Navy: Navies of the Second World War, Volume One" by Henri Le Masson (page 101). However, the removal of the torpedo tubes and addition of these mountings did not actually occur until her refit at La Seyne/Toulon between January and September 1945. At the same time a second HA transmitting station was fitted to enable target engagement on both sides of the ship, and the HA directors were given British Type 285 radar. These additions gave Émile Bertin a total of eight 90 mm guns (3 x 2 and 2 x 1). See photograph below. The additional 90 mm mountings were most likely taken from Jean Bart.
- ^The single and twin mountings on Émile Bertin were all fed from the same magazine. This magazine had a single hoist that could supply 20 rounds per minute, an inadequate supply for even two guns let alone the four that she carried. This hoist ended on the upper deck and the rounds had to be carried by hand to the mountings. From the photograph above, it does not appear that there was any ready round stowage close to the mountings to supplement the supply from the hoist.
- ^These mountings had automatic rammers but they were apparently difficult to load at angles over 60 degrees, thus limiting their effectiveness as AA weapons.
"Naval Weapons of World War Two" by John Campbell
"Battleships: Allied Battleships in World War II" by W.H. Garzke, Jr. and R.O. Dulin, Jr.
"French Cruisers: 1922 - 1956" by John Jordan and Jean Moulin
"Le Croiseur Émile Bertin 1933 - 1959" by Jean Lassaque
"The French Navy: Navies of the Second World War, Volume One" by Henri Le Masson
"Cruisers of World War Two: An International Encyclopedia" by M.J. Whitley
Special help from John Jordan
09 October 2006 - Benchmark
28 March 2012 - Added sketch
05 April 2013 - Replaced picture of Émile Bertin and added information about her ammunition supply
09 October 2015 - Minor additions and note on sources
01 October 2019 - Added photograph of Émile Bertin