The Imperial Japanese Navy developed a number of spin-stabilized rockets during World War II, but only this one ever saw service use. These went to sea in launchers containing 28 rockets with six launchers on most carriers. The rocket had an incendiary shrapnel warhead, somewhat similar in design to the "Sankaidan" Type 3 projectile used for guns, and had a time fuze set to explode the warhead at either 1,000 or 1,500 meters (1,100 or 1,640 yards).
Rockets had six 0.455 in (1.15 cm) diameter nozzles with 25 degree inclination and 10 degree divergence.
|Designation||12 cm (4.7 in) AA Rocket|
|Ship Class Used On||Carriers 1944-45|
|Date Of Design||1943|
|Date In Service||1944|
|Gun Length oa||Rails: 42.65 in (1.083 m)|
|Number Of Grooves||N/A|
|Length Of Rifling||N/A|
|Rate Of Fire||Manual: Fired in single pairs
Automatic: 14 pairs in 10 seconds
|Projectile Types and Weights||49.6 lbs. (22.5 kg)|
|Bursting Charge||Incendiary Shrapnel|
|Projectile Length||28.74 in (73.0 cm)|
|Propellant Charge||7.5 lbs. (3.4 kg)|
|Maximum Velocity||656 fps (200 mps)|
|Working Pressure||2,790 lbs./in2 (196 kg/cm2)|
|Approximate Barrel Life||N/A|
|Ammunition stowage per gun||N/A|
Reloading was by hand.
Most Carriers (6) and Shinano (12) 1a: Type 5 (1945) 2a
|Weight||3,521 lbs. (1,597 kg)|
|Elevation||+5 / +80 degrees|
|Elevation Rate||18 degees per second|
|Train Rate||22 degrees per second|
- ^These launchers were not installed on Shinano before her loss.
- This rocket or a similar one with an HE warhead was also carried by some explosive motor boats fitted with a simple launching trough.
"Naval Weapons of World War Two" by John Campbell
"The 12 cm Multiple Rocket Launcher of the Imperial Japanese Navy" article by Hans Lengerer and Tomoko Rehm-Takahara in "Warship Volume IX"
US Naval Technical Mission to Japan report O-19: Japanese Projectiles General Types
US Naval Technical Mission to Japan report O-50 (N): Japanese Shipboard Rocket Launchers
04 July 2006 - Benchmark
27 May 2012 - Updated to latest template
27 August 2018 - Converted to HTML 5 format and reorganized notes
20 January 2019 - Corrected typographical error and added arrangement sketch