Uses the same gun-mechanism of the 20 mm Vulcan Phalanx Block 0 weapon system but on a much simpler mounting. Used primarily on Patrol Gunboats. Manufactured by Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
|Designation||20 mm Machine Gun JM61-M
20 mm Machine Gun JM61-RFS
20 mm Remote Control Machine Gun JM61R-MS
|Ship Class Used On||JM61-M: MSC Hatsushima, MSC Uwajima, MSC Sugashima, MSC Hirashima, MSC Enoshima, MSO Yaeyama and LCU No.1 classes
JM61-RFS: PG No.1
JM61R-MS: MSC Enoshima (MSC-606 Hatsushima), MSO Awaji
Also used on Japan Coast Guard Vessels
|Date Of Design||N/A|
|Date In Service||about 1990|
|Bore Length||about 59.8 in (1.520 m)|
|Rate Of Fire||450 rounds per minute cyclic|
|Projectile Types and Weights||APDS Mark 149 - 0.22 lbs. (0.10 kg)
APDS Mark 149-2 - 0.22 lbs. (0.10 kg)
APDS Mark 149-4 - 0.22 lbs. (0.10 kg)
|Bursting Charge||N/A (Solid Shot)|
|Projectile Length||6.62 in (16.8 cm)|
|Cartridge||20 x 102 mm|
|Muzzle Velocity||3,650 fps (1,113 mps)|
|Approximate Barrel Life||N/A|
|Ammunition stowage per gun||N/A|
- The sub-caliber penetrator of the Mark 149 is 0.502 inches (12.75 mm) in diameter.
- The Mark 149 projectile was developed to provide a significantly increased anti-armor capability, optimized exterior ballistic performance and short time-of-flight over the previous Mark 50 round. The original Mark 149-2 projectile was a depleted-uranium sub-caliber penetrator. In 1988, the US Navy switched to the Mark 149-4 which uses a tungsten penetrator. The change over to tungsten was in order to reduce radiation exposure to personnel and to lessen the environmental impact. Tests with the tungsten penetrator showed acceptable results against likely missile and aircraft threats. The Mark 149-4 round includes a red tracer.
- Ammunition is supplied in 100-round belts.
|45 degrees||4,900 yards (4,500 m)|
|Maximum effective range||1,625 yards (1,490 m)|
|Elevation||-20 / +80 degrees|
|Rate of Elevation||N/A|
|Rate of Train||N/A|
For photographs of the JM61R-MS version, see the Mine Sweeper Coastal MSC-606 website.
22 February 2006 - Benchmark
27 May 2012 - Updated to latest template
26 September 2016 - Converted to HTML 5 format
16 June 2019 - Added additional details