Description

These guns were originally designed by Vickers as secondary weapons for the battlecruiser Kongô, which was built in Britain by Vickers-Armstrong (Barrow). The Japanese version was designed by Engineer Hata Chiyokichi and adopted in 1912 and these were used for the remainder of the Kongô class and on the Fuso class. In the Japanese Navy, Vickers built guns were designated as Mark II while those built in Japan were designated as Mark III.

Redesignated in centimeters on 5 October 1917.

When the Kongô and Fuso classes were modernized in the 1930s, some of these guns and all of their 8 cm/40 (3") AA guns were replaced by the new 12.7 cm/40 (5") DP. Some of the removed 15 cm guns were used to arm merchant cruisers just before the start of the Pacific War. The remaining guns plus spares and additional guns removed from the capital ships during the war armed the Agano class light cruisers in twin mountings. Some coast defense batteries at Guam were also equipped with these weapons.

The Vickers guns were of wire-wound construction but the Japanese ones were of three-layer, built-up construction. All used screw breech-blocks.

Actual bore size of all guns was 15.24 cm (6.0"). Model No. IV guns were 10.5 cm (4.1") shorter than earlier models. The data below represents Models I through III guns.

Gun Characteristics

Designation 6"/50 (15.2 cm) Vickers Mark M
6"/50 (15.2 cm) Mark II and Mark III
6"/50 (15.2 cm) Model IV
15 cm/50 (6") 41st Year Type (Model 1908)
Ship Class Used On Kongô, Fuso and Agano classes
Planned for projected light cruisers of the 810 and 5037 classes
Date Of Design about 1910
Date In Service 1913
Gun Weight 18,430 lbs. (8,360 kg)
Gun Length oa 310.1 in (7.876 m)
Bore Length 300.0 in (7.620 m)
Rifling Length 259.2 in (6.584 m)
Grooves (42) 0.050 in deep x 0.300 in (1.27 mm x 7.62 mm)
Lands 0.1488 in (3.78 mm)
Twist Uniform RH 1 in 30
Chamber Volume 1,595 in3 (26.1 dm3)
Rate Of Fire Theoretical: 10 rounds per minute
Effective: 5 - 6 rounds per minute

Ammunition

Type Bag
Projectile Types and Weights Common Type 0 HE 1: 100 lbs. (45.36 kg)
Common Type 4 HE 2: 100 lbs. (45.36 kg)
ASW 3: 113.0 lbs. (51.3 kg)
Bursting Charge Common Type 0 HE: 6.4 lbs. (2.9 kg)
Common Type 4 HE: 5.9 lbs. (2.7 kg)
ASW: 6.4 lbs. (2.9 kg)
Projectile Length Common Type 0 HE: 22.9 in (58.0 cm)
Common Type 4 HE: 22.5 in (57.2 cm)
ASW: 23.6 in (60.0 cm)
Propellant Charge 4 Common: 27.3 lbs. (12.4 kg) 37 DC
ASW: N/A
Muzzle Velocity All except ASW: 2,790 - 2,805 fps (850 - 855 mps)
ASW: 820 fps (250 mps)
Working Pressure 18.4 tons/in2 (2,900 kg/cm2)
Approximate Barrel Life 500 - 600 Rounds
Ammunition supply per gun Battleships: N/A
Agano class: 165 rounds
  • ^Common Type 0 used a nose fuze and was for AA.
  • ^Common Type 4 used a base fuze and was for ASu.
  • ^The flat-nosed ASW projectile was issued in 1943 following extensive testing. This is listed in O-19 as being able to penetrate a 0.3115 in (0.8 cm) plate of Ducol Steel (roughly equivalent to USN HTS) at a depth of 26 feet (8 meters). Range for this performance is not given. However, based upon other errors in this document, I would believe this to be an error in metric to english unit conversion and that the actual performance would more likely be 3.115 in (8.0 cm).
  • ^The propellant charge was in one bag with a 2.1 oz (60 gm) black powder igniter.

Range

Range With 100 lbs. (45.4 kg) Common Type 4
Elevation Range Striking Velocity Angle of Fall
2.7 degrees 5,470 yards (5,000 m) 1,739 fps (530 mps) 3.8
8.0 degrees 10,940 yards (10,000 m) 1,148 fps (350 mps) 12.5
15.0 degrees 15,420 yards (14,100 m) --- ---
17.5 degrees 16,400 yards (15,000 m) 1,050 fps (320 mps) 28.0
30.0 degrees 21,330 yards (19,500 m) --- ---
34.0 degrees 21,870 yards (20,000 m) 1,050 fps (320 mps) 52.0
45.0 degrees 22,970 yards (21,000 m) --- ---
Range with 100 lbs. (45.4 kg) Common Type 0
Elevation Range
45 degrees 22,970 yards (21,000 m)
AA Ceiling at 55 degrees 26,250 feet (8,000 m)
Range with 113 lbs. (51.3 kg) ASW
Elevation Range
40 degrees 4,590 yards (4,200 m)

Minimum range of ASW shell is given as 875 yards (800 m). Ranges less than this tended to ricochet.

Mount/Turret Data

Designation
  • Single Pedestal Casemate
    • Kongô (16): Vickers P1 1a
    • Fuso (16): N/A
  • Two gun Mounts
    • Agano (3): 2a
Weight Single Mounts: N/A
Two-gun turrets: 72 tons (73 mt)
Elevation Kongô and Fuso: -5 / +20 degrees as built, +30 degrees as modernized 3a
Agano: -5 / +55 degrees
Elevation Rate Single Mount: Manual operation, only
Twin Mount: 10 degrees per second
Train Single Mount: About -70 / +70 degrees
Twin Mount: about -150 / +150 degrees
Train Rate Single Mount: Manual operation, only
Twin Mount: 6 degrees per second
Gun recoil N/A
Loading Angle +7 degrees

Twin mount gun axes were 61 in (155 cm) apart.

Protection was 1.9 cm (0.75 inch) steel on all surfaces.

  • ^Kongô had two more guns removed in early 1943 and a further four removed in January 1944. Haruna had six guns removed in March 1943. Removed guns were replaced with 12.7 cm/40 Type 89 and 25 mm AA guns.
  • ^The twin gun mounts on the Agano class were not true turrets as they lacked a stalk. They were more of an enclosed gun house with a non-rotating handling room below. A central pivot ran down to the middle deck for mounts No. 1 and No. 3 and to the upper deck for mount No. 2. Shell rooms were located underneath the armored deck with the powder magazines beneath the shell rooms. The ammunition was moved manually between the magazines and the hoists. Propellant bags and projectiles were carried by the same bucket hoist and delivered in the vicinity of the handling rooms which were located on the middle deck for mounts 1 and 3 and on the upper deck for mount 2. Mounts 1 and 2 had two hoists while mount 3 had one hoist. From the hoists, ammunition was carried by hand through a flashtight door and into the handling room. From the handling rooms, projectiles were moved to the gunhouse via a pusher hoist while the propellant bags were pushed up by hand to the gunhouse. Loading was manual with fuzes being set by hand before loading. A fuze time receiver and fuze setting machine were located near the loading trays. The gunhouse was normally trained via electro-hydraulic motors, but it could be trained manually by two crewmen using a hand-worked system in case of an emergency.
  • ^Two guns were removed from the Kongô and Fuso classes during the 1930s rebuilds. During these rebuilds, the elevation of the remaining guns was increased to +30 degrees.

Additional Pictures

External Pictures

Sources

Data from:

  • "Naval Weapons of World War Two" by John Campbell
  • "Imperial Japanese Navy Battleships 1941 - 45" by Mark Stile
  • "Japanese Warships of World War II" by A.J. Watts
  • "Japanese Cruisers of the Pacific War" by Eric Lacroix and Linton Wells II
  • "Cruisers of World War Two" and "Battleships of World War Two" both by M.J. Whitley

Other:

  • "The Japanese Ships of the Pacific War" by The Koku-Fan
  • US Naval Technical Mission to Japan report O-19: Japanese Projectiles General Types
  • US Naval Technical Mission to Japan report O-54(N): Japanese Naval Guns

Page History

26 August 2007
Benchmark
15 June 2010
Added picture of Common Type 4 projectile
27 May 2012
Updated to latest template
08 February 2014
Corrected dimension for ASW projectile
15 July 2015
Added note regarding 1930s rebuilds and additional mounting information
02 December 2015
Changed Vickers Photographic Archive links to point at Wayback Archive