The AK-130 is one of the most powerful gun systems used in the world today and is a fully automatic, dual-purpose weapon. Design work was started by the PO Arsenal in 1967 on a single gun version designated as A-217. However, the required rate of fire of 60 rounds per minute was not reached during trials, so it was decided to switch to a twin mounting. The new system with a factory designation ZIF-94 used the same barrel and large number of components from the A-217.

The mountings are controlled by MP-184 Fire Control Radar Systems, which include a 2-band radar, low light TV, laser designator, system for selecting moving targets and an ESM system. This system has a range of 75 km (41 nm). The system provides the integration of all of the shipboard radars, exact measurement of all parameters of movement for all air, sea and land targets, exact bearing to the target, correction of shooting by splashes and automatic tracking of shells.

The People's Republic of China purchased a total of four improved Sovremenny class destroyers in the late 1990s and early 2000s.

The mounts are triaxially stabilized and the barrels are liquid cooled.

Gun Characteristics

Designation 130 mm/70 (5.1") AK-130
Ship Class Used On Russia: Sovremenny, Slava and Kirov Classes
PRC: Hangzhou and Taizhou Classes
Date Of Design 1980
Date In Service 1985
Gun Weight N/A
Gun Length oa 358.3 in (9.100 m)
Bore Length N/A
Rifling Length 276.38 in (7.020 m)
Grooves N/A
Lands N/A
Twist N/A
Chamber Volume N/A
Rate Of Fire 10 - 40 rounds per minute per gun


Type Fixed
Weight of Complete Round 190 lbs. (86.2 kg)
Projectile Types and Weights HE (F-44): 73.6 lbs. (33.4 kg)
AA (ZS-44): 73.6 lbs. (33.4 kg)
AA (ZS-44P): 73.6 lbs. (33.4 kg)
Bursting Charge HE (F-44): 7.85 lbs. (3.56 kg)
AA (ZS-44): 7.85 lbs. (3.56 kg)
AA (ZS-44P): 7.85 lbs. (3.56 kg)
Projectile Length N/A
Propellant Charge N/A
Cartridge: 116.4 lbs. (52.8 kg)
Cartridge Length: 53.9 in (1.369 m)
Muzzle Velocity 2,788 fps (850 mps)
Working Pressure N/A
Approximate Barrel Life about 1,500 rounds
Ammunition stowage per gun Sovremenny: 500 rounds
Others: N/A
150 to 180 ready rounds on mount


Maximum ranges with 73.6 lbs. (33.4 kg) HE
Target Distance
Ballistic Range 25,150 yards (23,000 m)
Missiles up to 8,750 yards (8,000 m)
Aircraft up to 16,400 yards (15,000 m)

Mount/Turret Data

Designation Single Mount

Twin Mounts 1

Weight Single Mount: about 89 tons (90 mt)
Twin Mount: about 100 tons (102 mt)
Elevation -12 / +80 degrees
Rate of Elevation 25 degrees per second
Train + 200 / - 200 degrees
Rate of Train 25 degrees per second
Gun Recoil 20.47 - 24.57 in (520 - 624 mm)
  • ^All Russian ships and the first two ships built for the PRC Navy (Hangzhou or Project 956EM class) have a twin mounting on the bow and stern. The last two ships built for the PRC Navy (Taizhou or improved Project 956EM class) have a single twin mount on the bow, the after mount not being installed.

Additional Pictures


"The Naval Institute Guide to World Naval Weapon Systems 1991/92" by Norman Friedman
"Entsiklopedia Otechestvennoi Artillerii" (Encyclopedia of Fatherland [Russian] Artillery) by A.V. Shirokorad
Naval Technology
Special help from Vladimir Yakubov and Leo Fischer

Page History

19 November 2008 - Benchmark
30 August 2011 - Added picture of Admiral Chabanenko
14 November 2013 - Corrected typographical errors
27 November 2021 - Converted to HTML 5 format, added information on PRC ships