These guns were designed by Brink, at the time the leading designer of Russian guns. They were used on armored cruisers and gunboats of the 1880s.

The first gun was made in 1886 and by 1887 a total of 29 had been ordered. As was the custom of the time, after their removal from ships in 1904-05, these guns were turned over to the Army for use as coastal defense guns. Some were still in use during World War I.

Constructed of an inner tube, barrel and three rows of hoops. The breech mechanism was pneumatically operated.

Gun Characteristics

Designation 8"/35 (20.3 cm) Pattern 1885
203 mm/35 (8") Pattern 1885
Ship Class Used On Admiral Nakhimov, Pamiat' Azova, Rurik, Koreets class gunboats
Date Of Design 1885
Date In Service 1887
Gun Weight 13 tons (13.710 mt)
Gun Length oa 280 in (7.112 m)
Bore Length N/A
Rifling Length N/A
Grooves 48
Lands N/A
Twist N/A
Chamber Volume N/A
Rate Of Fire N/A


Type Bag
Projectile Types and Weights HE & AP "Light": 176 -198 lbs. (80 - 90 kg)
HE & AP "Heavy": 193 lbs. (133 kg)
Bursting Charge HE "Light": 8.5 - 9.1 lbs. (3.86 - 4.14 kg)
HE "Heavy": 14.3 lbs. (6.5 kg)
AP "Heavy": 5.9 lbs. (2.66 kg)
Projectile Length N/A
Propellant Charge 112 lbs. (51 kg) of brown powder
Muzzle Velocity "Light": 2175 fps (663 mps)
"Heavy": 1912 fps (583 mps)
Working Pressure N/A
Approximate Barrel Life N/A
Ammunition stowage per gun N/A


Range with 176 - 198 lbs. (80 - 90 kg) "Light" shells
Elevation Distance
6 degrees 5,800 yards (5,310 m)
15 degrees 10,000 yards (9,150 m)

Mount/Turret Data

Designation Twin barbette mount: Admiral Nakhimov
Single barbette mount: all other ships
Weight Single barbette: 21 tons (21.36 mt)
Twin barbette: N/A
Elevation -5 / +15 for all mounts
Rate of Elevation N/A
Train 200 degrees for open mounts
Rate of Train N/A
Gun Recoil 38 in (96.5 cm) for open mounts
Loading Angle N/A


Data from:

  • "Entsiklopedia Otechestvennoi Artillerii" (Encyclopedia of Fatherland [Russian] Artillery) by A.V. Shirokorad

Special help from Vladimir Yakubov