15" (381mm) Whitehead

Ship Class Used On Early Torpedo Boats
Date Of Design 1876
Date In Service 1876
Weight N/A
Overall Length N/A
Explosive Charge 57 lbs. (26 kg)
Range / Speed 440 yards (400 m) / 29 knots
Power N/A

These were the first torpedoes to be used against an enemy ship, when two Russian torpedo boats, Sinop and Chesma, attacked the Turkish monitor Mahmudie on 28 Dec 1877 during the Russo-Turkish War. These were also the first torpedoes to sink a ship in combat, when the same torpedo boats sank the Turkish armed merchantman Intibah on 14 January 1878. The torpedoes were fired from about 210 feet (65 m).

15" (381mm) Type "L"

Ship Class Used On All Russian ships in 1898
Date Of Design N/A
Date In Service 1898
Weight N/A
Overall Length N/A
Explosive Charge 141 lbs. (64 kg) TNT
Range / Speed 980 yards (900 m) / 25 knots
660 yards (600 m) / 29 knots
Power N/A

Variation of the original Whitehead Torpedo.

18" (456 mm) Model 1907, 1908, 1910

Ship Class Used On All Russian ships in World War II with 18" (456 mm) TT
Date Of Design N/A
Date In Service 1907, 1908, 1910
Weight 1,413 - 1,466 lbs. (641 - 665 kg)
Overall Length All - 205 in (520 cm)
Explosive Charge 212 lbs. (96 kg) TNT
Range / Speed Model 07/08: 2,190 yards (2,000 m) / 27 knots
Model 1910: 2,190 yards (2,000 m) / 34 knots
Later Model 1910: 3,280 yards (3,000 m) / 29 knots
Power N/A

18" (456mm) Model 1912

Ship Class Used On Novik class DDs
Date Of Design N/A
Date In Service 1912
Weight 1,786 lbs. (810 kg)
Overall Length 205 in (520 cm)
Explosive Charge 247 lbs. (112 kg) TNT
Range / Speed 3,280 yards (3,000 m) / 39 knots (2 min 30 sec)
6,560 yards (6,000 m) / 29 knots (6 min 42 sec)
Power Wet-heater

21" (533 mm) Torpedo

Ship Class Used On None
Date Of Design 1917
Date In Service never in service
Weight N/A
Overall Length N/A
Explosive Charge 476 lbs. (216 kg)
Range / Speed 3,280 yards (3,000 m) / 45 knots
10,940 yards (10,000 m) / 30 knots
Power Wet-heater

Designed in 1917, but never entered service due to the Revolution. It later formed the basis for the first Soviet torpedo, the "53-27" project.

Sources

Data from:

  • "Encyclopedia, Ships of Russian Imperial Navy" edited by A.E. Taras

Special help from Vladimir Yakubov