Turkish Forces

  • Kontreadmiral Wilhelm Souchon
  • Yavuz Sultan Selim (force flagship)(force flagship)
    Commanding officer: Kapitän zur See Ackerman
    Notes: Ex SMS Goeben
  • Medillii
    Commanding officer: Fregattenkapitän Kettner
    Notes: Ex SMS Breaslau


Yavuz fired nineteen 28 cm projectiles at ranges between 6,000 to 7,200 m. No secondary ammunition was fired nor did Medillii fire as the Russian fleet was outside their range.


Yavuz struck by a 12-inch HE from Evstafi on Port No. 3 15 cm casemate, which penetrated casemate armor but broke up. Three 15 cm projectiles detonated - this is the only time during the entire war that German projectiles exploded as a result of an artillery hit - and sixteen 15 cm cartridges of the ready ammunition burned. Twelve men died immediately and a Turkish sailor later died from gas poisoning.

Russian Forces

Black Sea Fleet
  • Admiral Andrei Eberhard

Cruiser Screen

  • Rear Admiral Pokrov
  • Pamiat Merkuria (flagship)(flagship)
  • Kagul
  • Almaz
    Commanding officer: Captain 1st Rank Zarin

Main Body

Battleship Division

  • Vice Admiral Novitsky
  • Evstafi (force flagship)(force flagship) (damaged)(damaged)
    Commanding officer: Captain 1st Rank Galanin
  • Ioann Zlatoust
    Commanding officer: Captain 1st Rank F.A. Winter
  • Panteleimon (flagship)(flagship)
    Commanding officer: Captain 1st Rank Kaskov

2nd Battleship Brigade

  • Rear Admiral Putyatin
  • Tri Sviatitelia (flagship)(flagship)
    Commanding officer: Captain 1st Rank Lukin
  • Rostislav
    Commanding officer: Captain 1st Rank Porembsky

1st, 2nd and 3rd Destroyer Divisions

  • Captain 1st Rank Sablin
  • 3 Derzki Class Destroyers
  • 10 old Destroyers


  • Konstantin
  • Kseniya


Evstafi fired sixteen 12-inch, fourteen 8-inch and nineteen 6-inch.

Ioann Zlatoust fired six 12-inch.

Panteleimon did not shoot.

Tri Sviatitelia fired twelve 12-inch.

Rostislav fired an unknown quantity of shells at Medillii.


Evstafi was hit by three 28 cm APC. First on the starboard forward casemate, killing the gun crew. Second on the casemate armor at approximately frame 54, piercing the 127 mm armor and striking 6-inch shells and cartridges, setting some of the latter on fire. Shell exploded in the officers gallery and did great damage with splinters penetrating the the deck above and some penetrating down into the boiler room. The third shell fell short of the ship on or near the waterline at frame 22 and riddled the hull in this area, destroying a longitudinal bulkhead and part of the elevator for the 75 mm gun ammunition. Four officers and twenty-nine crew died immediately. One other officer died later from his injuries and twenty-four crewmen were wounded, nineteen badly of whom the majority later died.


  • "Battle on the Seven Seas: German Cruiser Battles 1914 - 1918" by Gary Staff

Page History

18 July 2011
New datapage
22 September 2011
Corrected typographical error