Britain
13.5"/45 (34.3 cm) Mark VI
Updated 01 February 2014

Another Vickers export design, this one for the Turkish ship Reshadeih.  This ship was taken over by Britain at the start of World War I and renamed HMS Erin.  Only ten guns were made, so when one needed to be relined, Erin was given a Mark V gun with a special propellant charge in order to give it the same muzzle velocity as the Mark VI.

Construction was very similar to the 13.5"/45 (34.3 cm) Mark V without the taper fit. 

WNBR_135-45_mk6_Erin_pic.jpg

HMS Erin

WNBR_135-45_mk6_Erin_ballon_pic.jpg

HMS Erin with a Kite Ballon in 1918
U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 89154

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Gun Characteristics
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Designation 13.5"/45 (34.3 cm) Mark VI
Ship Class Used On Erin
Date Of Design 1909
Date In Service 1914
Gun Weight With Breech:  171,584 lbs. (77,829 kg)
Gun Length oa 625.9 in (15.9 m)
Bore Length 607.5 in (15.431 m)
Rifling Length N/A
Grooves N/A
Lands N/A
Twist N/A
Chamber Volume 16,800 in3 (275 dm3)
Rate Of Fire 1.5 - 2 rounds per minute
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Ammunition
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Type Bag
Projectile Types and Weights APC Mark Ia - 1,400 lbs. (635.0 kg)
APC Mark IIIa (Greenboy) - 1,410 lbs. (639.6 kg)
CPC - 1,400 lbs. (635.0 kg)
HE - 1,400 lbs. (635.0 kg)
Bursting Charge APC Mark Ia - 44.5 lbs. (20.2 kg)
APC Mark IIIa - 33 lbs. (15.0 kg)
CPC - 117.5 lbs. (53.3 kg)
HE - 176.5 lbs. (80.1 kg)
Projectile Length
(see Note 2)
APC Mark Ia - 49.6 in (126 cm)
APC Mark IIIa - 49.2 in (125 cm)
CPC - 59.8 in (151.9 cm)
Propellant Charge
(see Note 1)
297 lbs. (135 kg)
Muzzle Velocity 2,445 fps (745 mps)
Working Pressure N/A
Approximate Barrel Life 300 rounds
Ammunition stowage per gun 80 rounds
Notes:

1) The propellant charge for the single Mark V gun carried by HMS Erin was 288 lbs. (130.6 kg) in order to obtain the same muzzle velocity as the Mark VI guns.

2) The projectile lengths given are average numbers.  There were as many as five different manufacturers for these munitions, each producing a slightly different projectile from the others.

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Range
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Elevation With 1,400 lbs. (635 kg) AP Shell
Range @ 20 degrees 23,110 yards (21,130 m)
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KC-type Armor Penetration with 1,400 lbs. (635 kg) AP Shell
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Range
Side Armor
Deck Armor
Striking Velocity
0 yards (0 m)
17.3" (439 mm)
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2,500 fps (762 mps)
10,000 yards (9,144 m)
12.5" (318 mm)
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1,850 fps (564 mps)
Notes:

1) Data from "British Battleships of World War Two."

2) The penetration figures in this table are for an uncapped AP shell striking the plate at 90 degrees, i.e., with the axis of the shell perpendicular to the face of the plate.  A capped shell would give about 10 to 20% improvement at low velocities and about 30 to 50% at high velocities.

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Mount / Turret Data
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Designation Twin Mount
   Erin (5):  13.5-in "Special"
Weight 600 tons (610 mt)
Elevation -3 / +20 degrees
Rate of Elevation N/A
Train
(see Note 1)
Forward and aft turrets:  about -150 / +150 degrees
Q turret:  about 30 to 150 degrees on either side
Rate of Train N/A
Gun Recoil N/A
Loading Angle Any
Notes:

1) Superfiring turrets could not fire within 30 degrees of the axis because the blast effects would have penetrated into the lower turrets through the sighting hoods.

2) "Q" turret was a deck higher than in contemporary British 13.5" (34.3 cm) battleships, making the amidship mounting drier as a result.

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Data from
"The Grand Fleet:  Warship Design and Development 1906 - 1922" by D.K. Brown
"British Battleships of World War One" by R.A. Burt
"Naval Weapons of World War Two," "Jutland:  An Analysis of the Fighting" and "British Naval Guns 1880-1945 No 2" article in "Warships Volume V" all by John Campbell
"Battleship Design and Development 1905-1945" by Norman Friedman
"The Big Gun:  Battleship Main Armament 1860-1945" by Peter Hodges
"British Battleships:  1860 - 1950" by Oscar Parkes
"British Battleships of World War Two" by Alan Raven and John Roberts
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ADM 186/169
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Special help from Neil Stirling
Page History

05 August 2006 - Benchmark
11 February 2012 - Updated to latest template
01 February 2014 - Added ammunition information and note on turret "Q"