Vickers manufactured these guns for the Brazilian river monitors Javary, Solimões and Madeira which were being built at Barrow. When it came time for delivery in 1914, the deal fell through as the Brazilians could no longer afford to pay for them. The ships were then laid up at the Devonshire Dock at Barrow until just prior to the start of World War I. At that time, First Sea Lord Winston Churchill expressed concern that these ships could be bought by an unfriendly power. As a result, the Royal Navy quickly purchased them in August 1914, renaming them Humber, Mersey and Severn.
Interesting in that these guns were apparently never given an official Mark number, even though the 6" (15.2 cm) guns on these ships were given standard Mark designations.
Actual bore diameter of all British 4.7" guns was 4.724" (12 cm).
|Designation||4.7"/18 (12 cm) Howitzer|
|Ship Class Used On||Severn class Monitors|
|Date Of Design||1912|
|Date In Service||1913 (taken over by the British in 1914)|
|Gun Weight||0.57 tons (0.58 mt) including breech mechanism|
|Gun Length oa||89.9 in (2.283 m)|
|Bore Length||85.0 in (2.160 m)|
|Rate Of Fire||about 10 rounds per minute|
|Projectile Types and Weights 1||HE: 45 lbs. (20.4 kg)|
|Propellant Charge||1.78 lbs. (0.81 kg) MD|
|Muzzle Velocity||1,200 fps (366 mps)|
|Approximate Barrel Life||N/A|
|Ammunition stowage per gun||150 rounds|
- ^Ammunition was 2crh and only HE rounds were supplied.