Description

The Mark IIA was a modification of the army's Mark II anti-tank gun fitted with Molins auto-loading gear. Used by many MTBs in power operated mountings to give them a bigger "punch" when attacking barges and small vessels. It was also proposed to use the Mark II without the auto-loading gear as a wet mount for submarines but this never made it out of the prototype stage.

The Molins auto-loading gear carried seven rounds, one in the breech and six in the feed system. An additional twelve rounds were carried in ready racks on the naval mounting. The last round could not be fired, a precautionary measure to prevent the feed from running out of ammunition which would have necessitated manually working the breech mechanism.

Unlike the RAF version, this weapon allowed only semi-automatic firing.

These guns were of monobloc construction and actual bore length was 42.87 calibers. About 600 guns were produced with Molins gear.

Gun Characteristics

Designation 6-pdr / 7cwt QF Mark IIA
Ship Class Used On MTBs
Date Of Design 1940 (naval version)
Date In Service 1941
Gun Weight 760 lbs. (345 kg)
Gun Length oa 101 in (2.564 m)
Bore Length 96.2 in (2.444 m)
Rifling Length 78.2 in (1.986 m)
Grooves (24) 0.02 in deep x 0.22 in (0.51 mm x 5.59 mm)
Lands 0.0737 in (1.872 mm)
Twist Uniform RH 1 in 30
Chamber Volume 100 in3 (1.693 dm3)
Rate Of Fire 40 rounds per minute cyclic
18 rounds per minute practical

Ammunition

Type Fixed
Weight of Complete Round 12.25 lbs. (5.56 kg)
Projectile Types and Weights HE 1 : 6.0 lbs. (2.72 kg)
Bursting Charge N/A
Projectile Length N/A
Complete Round: up to 24.85 in (63.1 cm)
Propellant Charge 1.31 lbs. (0.59 kg) NF 029
Muzzle Velocity 2,150 fps (655 mps) 2
Working Pressure 20.5 tons/in2 (3,230 kg/cm2)
Approximate Barrel Life 4,000 rounds
Ammunition stowage per gun 7 rounds in gun and feed mechanism
12 ready rounds on mount
  1. ^Only HE rounds were carried by MTBs.
  2. ^The muzzle velocity given above is for a Mark IIA gun firing 6 lbs. (2.72 kg) HE shell. The Mark II anti-tank gun firing 6.28 lbs. (2.85 kg) AP shell had a MV of 2,845 fps (867 mps).

Range

Range with 6.0 lbs. (2.72 kg) HE
Elevation Distance
12 degrees 6,200 yards (5,670 m)

Mount/Turret Data

Designation
  • Single Mount
    • MTBs (1): Mark VII
Weight 1.719 tons (1,747 kg)
Elevation -10 / +12 degrees
Elevation Rate Manually operated, only
Train 360 degrees
Train Rate 40 degrees per second
Gun recoil 29 - 30 in (74 - 76 cm)

This mounting appears to have been adapted from the twin 20 mm Oerlikon Mark V mountings.

Additional Pictures

Sources

Data from:

  • "Naval Weapons of World War Two" by John Campbell
  • "Destroyer Weapons of World War 2" by Peter Hodges and Norman Friedman
  • "Warships of World War II" by H.T. Lenton & J.J. Colledge

Page History

02 March 2007
Benchmark
22 August 2011
Added picture of Molins Gun
21 May 2012
Updated to latest template
15 December 2013
Deleted photograph of MTB.476, added two pictures of HMS Mantis