This AA weapon was used on every major combatant ship of World War II. It was only capable of semi-automatic firing, with each shell being individually loaded, which made it a rather slow-firing weapon for anti-aircraft defense. For this reason, it was replaced on many ships in the latter part of the war with the 3.7 cm KM42 and 3.7 cm KM43.
In addition to the normal train and elevation axes, the mounting for this weapon had a third axis which stabilized the the gun carriage when the ship rolled or pitched. This allowed the gun to track an airplane without interference from the motion of the ship. However, problems with this mounting led to its abandonment in subsequent designs for 3.7 cm guns.
The 3.7 cm/L83 SK C/30U was designed for use on U-boats and was used on a "wet-mount."
Some quantity of these weapons were exported to Spain.
Used a vertically sliding breech block.
|Designation||3.7 cm/L83 (1.5") SK C/30|
|Ship Class Used On||Almost all|
|Date Of Design||1930|
|Date In Service||1934|
|Gun Weight||536 lbs. (243 kg)|
|Barrel Length||121.0 in (3.074 m)|
|Bore Length||116.5 in (2.960 m)|
|Rifling Length||100.6 in (2.554 m)|
|Grooves||(16) 0.0217 in deep x 0.187 in (0.55 mm x 4.76 mm)|
|Lands||0.098 in (2.5 mm)|
|Twist||Increasing RH 1 in 50 to 1 in 35|
|Chamber Volume||30.5 in3 (0.500 dm3)|
|Rate Of Fire||about 30 rounds per minute 1|
- ^Many references show a ROF of 80 rounds per gun per minute (theoretical) and 40 rounds per gun per minute (practical). I believe the above figure, taken from "Naval Weapons of World War Two" to be more accurate.
|Complete Round Weight||HE-T 1 2 : 4.63 lbs. (2.1 kg)|
|Projectile Types and Weights||HE-T: 1.64 lbs. (0.742 kg)|
|Bursting Charge||HE-T: 0.8 lbs. (0.365 kg)|
|Projectile Length||6.4 in (162 mm)|
|Propellant Charge||0.81 lbs. (0.365 kg) RPC/38N 3
Cartridge: 2 lbs. (0.97 kg)
|Muzzle Velocity||3,281 fps (1,000 mps)|
|Working Pressure||18.7 tons/in2 (2,950 kg/cm2)|
|Approximate Barrel Life||7,500 rounds|
|Ammunition stowage per gun||Bismarck: 2,000 rounds
Scharnhorst: 2,000 rounds (later upped to 6,000 rounds)
Deutschland: 2,000 rounds (later upped to 6,000 rounds)
Admiral Hipper and Prinz Eugen - single: 7,000 rounds
Admiral Hipper and Prinz Eugen - twin: 1,500 rounds
Königsberg, Liepzig and Nürnberg: 1,200 rounds
Z1 - Z47: 2,000 rounds
Complete round was 20.3 in (516.5 mm) long.
|Weight||Dopp LC/30: 8,090 lb (3,670 kg)
Ein LC/34: About 4,400 lbs. (2,000 kg)
Ubts LC/39: 3,200 lbs. (1,450 kg)
|Elevation||Dopp LC/30: -10 / +85 degrees
Ein LC/34: -10 / +80 degrees
Ubts LC/39: -10 / +90 degrees
- ^Twin mounts were used by most warships Torpedo Boat size and larger while the single mounts were used mainly by S-boats and small auxiliary warships.
- ^Twin mounts had a crew of six on-mount plus ammunition passers.
- ^The Dopp LC/30 mounting was manually trained and elevated with direct gyro cross leveling over +/- 19.5 degrees.