Description

These guns were used on most pre-dreadnoughts and cruisers built between 1890 and 1905. The Mark I and Mark II were only slightly different in construction and are normally listed together in armament lists. Mark III was a trunnioned version of the Mark I.

Mark I was EOC Pattern "Z" and was of built up construction while Mark II was a Woolwich design. The Mark III was known to EOC as "Z1." All used a 3-motion breech mechanism but most were later converted to a single motion breech mechanism. Guns so converted had a "B" added after the Mark number. A total of 137 Mark I, 760 Mark II and 53 Mark III guns were made for Britain. In addition, numerous 6" (15.2 cm) EOC guns of the same or similar designs were made for other countries, including Italy and Japan.

Some British guns were employed as AA weapons during World War I, but this did not prove very successful. 63 Mark II guns were transferred to the Army, where they were bored out and converted to 8" (20.3 cm) howitzers.

Nomenclature note: The 6"/45 (15.2 cm) QF Mark IV designation was given to twelve guns purchased from the USA firm of Bethlehem Steel early in World War I. Eight of these were used in coastal defenses at Scapa Flow and four were used on DAMS. These guns may actually have been the Bethlehem 6"/44 (15.2 cm) Mark 9 or a close relation.

Gun Characteristics

Designation 6"/40 (15.2 cm) QF Marks I, III and III
Ship Class Used On 1
Pre-dreadnoughts:
Royal Sovereign, Hood, Renown, Majestic and Canopus classes
Armored cruisers:
Diadem, Powerful, Royal Arthur and Edgar classes
Small cruisers:
Blake, Aeolus, Brilliant, Iphigenia, Hermes, Challenger, Arrogant, Eclipse and Astraea classes
Rearmed Ships:
Trafalgar, Indefatigable, Intrepid, Rainbow and Sirius
Added to:
Hercules, Immortalité and Narcissus
During World War I these guns were used on most large monitors and many AMCs and DAMS

These guns were used as secondaries on the Italian Garibaldi class armored cruisers, with the Argentine cruisers Pueyrredon and Admiral Belgrano using Mark II guns
Date Of Design 1888
Date In Service 1892
Gun Weight 6.6 tons (6.7 mt)
Gun Length oa 249.25 in (6.331 m)
Bore Length 240.0 in (6.096 m)
Rifling Length N/A
Grooves N/A
Lands N/A
Twist N/A
Chamber Volume 832 in3 (13.63 dm3)
Rate Of Fire 5 - 7 rounds per minute
  1. ^Campbell in "British Naval Guns 1880-1945 No 11" says that these guns were used to rearm HMS Superb. There is some evidence to support this in "British Battleships: 1860 - 1950" by Parkes, but this is contradicted by other information contained in that same work which says that Superb was rearmed with 6 inch (15.2 cm) BL guns. As Superb was reftted between 1887 to 1891, this predates the introduction of the 6"/40 (15.2 cm) on the Royal Sovereign class. For these reasons, I believe that Superb was actually rearmed with 6 inch (15.2 cm) BL guns.

Ammunition

Type Separate
Projectile Types and Weights CPC: 100 lbs. (45.3 kg)
HE: 100 lbs. (45.3 kg)
Bursting Charge N/A
Projectile Length 26.5 in (67.3 cm)
Propellant Charge 29.75 lbs. (13.49 kg) EXE
13.25 lbs. (6.01 kg) Cord 30
15.94 lbs. (7.23 kg) MD26
Muzzle Velocity EXE: 1,882 fps (574 mps)
Cord: 2,230 fps (670 mps)
MD: 2,243 fps (684 mps)
Working Pressure N/A
Approximate Barrel Life N/A
Ammunition stowage per gun N/A

Projectiles were 2crh.

Range

Range of 100 lbs. (45.36) HE Shell
Elevation Distance
15 degrees With Cord 30: 10,000 yards (9,140 m)

Mount / Turret Data

Designation 1 2 Single Mounts: CPI and PII
Pre-dreadnoughts:
Royal Sovereign (10), Hood (10), Renown (10), Majestic (12) and Canopus (12)
Armored cruisers:
Diadem (16), Powerful (12), Royal Arthur (12) and Edgar (10)
Small cruisers:
Blake (10), Aeolus (2), Brilliant (2), Iphigenia (2), Hermes (11), Challenger (11), Arrogant (2), Eclipse (2) and Astraea (2)
Rearmed Ships:
Trafalgar (6), Indefatigable (2), Intrepid (2), Rainbow (2) and Sirius (2)
Italy:
Garibaldi (14)
Weight N/A
Elevation 3
  • CPI:
    • Deck mountings: -3 / +20 degrees
    • Casemate mountings: -3 / +15 degrees
  • PII:
    • Deck mountings: -3 / +19 degrees
    • Casemate mountings: -3 / +15 degrees
  • HA mountings: -3 / +53.5 degrees
Elevation Rate Manual operation, only
Train about +30 / +150 degrees in casemate mountings
about -150 / +150 degrees in open mountings
Train Rate Manual operation, only
Gun recoil N/A
  1. ^Mark I guns were used with CPI mountings.
  2. ^Many of the cruisers had a secondary battery of 4.7 (12 cm) guns that was later replaced with more 6" (15.2 cm) guns. Powerful class was later given 12 guns. Arrogant class later given 10 guns). Eclipse class (except for Eclipse herself) were later given 11 guns.
  3. ^A total of four CPI and twelve PII mountings were converted for AA use. The Monitor Roberts was given a Mark I gun in one of these HA mountings in 1916.

Additional Pictures

External Pictures

Sources

Data from:

  • "Big Gun Monitors: The History of the Design, Construction and Operation of the Royal Navy's Monitors" by Ian Buxton
  • "Naval Weapons of World War Two" and "British Naval Guns 1880-1945 No 11" article in "Warship Volume VII" both by John Campbell
  • "British Battleships: 1860 - 1950" by Oscar Parkes

Page History

28 December 2008 - Benchmark

10 February 2009 - Added number of mountings information, added HA mounting note

31 December 2009 - Identified gunnery crew as being on HMS Ariadne

29 August 2011 - Added information on Trafalgar class and Superb

28 November 2015 - Changed Vickers Photographic Archive links to point at Wayback Archive