Description

These guns were mounted on two Coastal Defense vessels intended for the Chilean Navy, who named them as Constitution and Libertad. The British took these ships over in 1906 to prevent their purchase by another European power and then renamed them as HMS Swiftsure and HMS Triumph.

The Chileans had chosen this caliber because the size and weight of the 10" (25.4 cm) ammunition allowed for a much simpler and more efficient ammunition supply system than was the case with the contemporary British 12" (30.5 cm) mountings. Neither the guns nor the mountings on these ships were identical to each other, a somewhat unusual affair in what were supposedly sister-ships, but explained by the fact that the Mark VI was built by Elswick while the Mark VII was manufactured by Vickers.

Both Marks were of wire wound construction and the principal difference between the two was that the Mark VI had a cylindrical breech screw with four interruptions and unlocked after rotating 45 degrees while the Mark VII used a conventional Welin breech block with Vickers hydraulic or hand operation. A total of five guns of each mark were constructed.

After Swiftsure was disarmed in the latter part of World War I, it was planned to reline the five guns to 9.2"(23.4 cm) and use them for railway artillery, but this conversion was never completed. After Triumph was sunk, the Navy planned to similarly reline her spare gun to 9.2" (23.4 cm), but this also does not appear to have been completed.

Nomenclature note. The 10"/40 (25.4 cm) Mark VIII designation was given to four 13.5" Mark III or Mark IIIF guns in the battleship Revenge which were relined to 10" (25.4 cm) for training purposes. The front of the chase was reduced in diameter to reduce the muzzle-heavy finished design.

Gun Characteristics

Designation 10"/45 (25.4 cm) Mark VI Elswick Pattern "S"
10"/45 (25.4 cm) Mark VII Vickers Pattern "A"
Ship Class Used On Swiftsure: Mark VI
Triumph: Mark VII
Date Of Design about 1901
Date In Service 1904
Gun Weight Mark VI: 39 tons (40 mt)
Mark VII: 31 tons (31.5 mt)
Gun Length oa Mark VI: 467.6 in (11.877 m)
Mark VII: 462.8 in (11.755 m)
Bore Length 450 in (17.717 m)
Rifling Length N/A
Grooves N/A
Lands N/A
Twist N/A
Chamber Volume 9,720 in3 (159.3 dm3)
Rate Of Fire Mark VI: 3 rounds per minute
Mark VII: 2 rounds per minute

Ammunition

Type Bag
Projectile Types and Weights APC - 500 lbs. (227 kg)
Bursting Charge N/A
Projectile Length N/A
Propellant Charge 147 lbs. (66.7 kg) MD 45
Muzzle Velocity 2,656 fps (810 mps)
Working Pressure N/A
Approximate Barrel Life N/A
Ammunition stowage per gun 86 rounds

Range

Ranges of AP projectiles
Elevation Range
13.5 degrees 14,800 yards (13,530 m)

Armor Penetration with AP Shell

Range Vertical Steel Plate
Mark VI: 3,000 yards (9,140 m) 12 in (30.5 cm)
Mark VII: 3,000 yards (9,140 m) 11.5 in (29.2 cm)

Data from "British Battleships. 1850 - 1950."

Mount/Turret Data

Designation Twin Mounts
   Swiftsure (2): BIV
   Triumph (2): BV
Weight N/A
Elevation
(see Note 1)
-3 / +13.5 degrees
Elevation Rate N/A
Train +150 / -150 degrees
Train Rate N/A
Gun recoil N/A
Loading Angle -3 / +5 degrees
  1. The BIV mounting was limited to 9.75 degrees of elevation unless a hatch door in the gunhouse floor was opened.
  2. Training, loading and elevation were all of hydraulic operation.

Off-site Resources

Images at The Vickers Photographic Archive
See photograph 6800

Resources

"British Naval Guns 1880-1945 No 5" article by John Campbell in "Warship Volume VI"
"The Big Gun. Battleship Main Armament 1860-1945" by Peter Hodges
"British Battleships. 1860 - 1950" by Oscar Parkes
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Special help from Robert Hurst

Page History

05 September 2006 - Benchmark
30 January 2009 - Added information about 10" (25.4 cm) Mark VIII guns, information about relining guns for railway artillery
01 December 2015 - Changed Vickers Photographic Archive links to point at Wayback Archive
20 September 2016 - Converted to HTML 5 format